Health systems cannot operate without health professionals; expanding access to and of health services is contingent upon their availability, accessibility, acceptability, and quality. Nations at all socioeconomic levels confront varied degrees of difficulty in terms of workforce education, employment, deployment, retention, and performance.
Chronic underinvestment in health worker education and training in certain countries contribute to the ongoing shortages. These issues are compounded by the challenges associated with sending health personnel to rural, remote, and underserved locations. Additionally, increased worldwide movement of health professionals has the potential to worsen health workforce shortages, especially in low- and lower-middle-income nations. Human resources for health information systems are often insufficient to take stock of chosen public sector health personnel. As a consequence, several nations confront the dilemma of high unemployment among health workers and significant unmet health needs.